List of verbs that take sein in Perfekt
The perfect tense ( das Perfekt) is one of the past tenses in German. In spoken conversation, you need to use the perfect tense (Perfekt).
The German Perfekt tense is formed by:
- the auxiliary verb (Hilfsverb – helping verb) haben or sein
- the past participle form (Partizip II) of the verb
The verbs haben and sein are an important part of the perfect tense. I know it is sometimes difficult for you to remember when to use sein or haben. Here is a list of German verbs that indicate a movment (Bewegung) or change of state (Zustandsveränderung). Have a look at the list of German verbs that take sein.
1. movement verbs
Sein is used when the action of the verb involves a movement or change of location.
2. Zustandsveränderung (change of state)
Sein is used as a helping verb when the main verb describe a change of state (Zustandveränderung)
3. other verbs (exceptions)
In addition, there are some exceptions that don’t match the criteria above. Despite not signifying movement or a change of state, the verbs need sein as their auxiliary verb (Hilfsverb).
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